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Home Presentation: Types of Cava

Types of Cava

Cavas are classified according to different criteria related to aging, sugar content and the grape varieties used.

Depending on the ageing

LThe duration of the process of making Cava comprising, from the time of tirage to disgorging, is at least nine months.

From to the tirage to the disgorging:

- CAVA: from 9 months aging
- CAVA RESERVA: from 15 months aging
One whose ageing, from the tirage to disgorging is not less than 15 months
- CAVA GRAN RESERVA: from 30 months aging
One whose ageing from the from the tirage to disgorging is not less than 30 months

Depending on the content of sugar

Depending on the grams per liter of sugar added at the end of the process, the Cavas are classified as:

BRUT NATURE: Up to 3 g/l, no sugar added
EXTRA BRUT Up to 6 g/l
BRUT Up to 12 g/l
EXTRA SECO Between 12 and 17 g/l
SECO Between 17 and 32 g/l
SEMI SECO Between 32 and 50 g/l
DULCE More than 50 g/l

Depending on the grape varieties that compose the coupage

The varieties of grapes destined to the production of “Cava”:

White grape varieties:

- Macabeu (Viura)
- Xarel.lo
- Parellada
- Malvasía (Subirat Parent)
- Chardonnay

Red grape varieties:

- Garnatxa tinta
- Monestrell
- Pinot Noir
- Trepat

The Trepat variety can only be used for the production of pink Cava.
Main varieties: Macabeo (Viura), Xarel.lo and Parellada.

cava paraje

For its uniqueness: Cava de Paraje Calificado (Single Estate Cava Classification)

The CRDO del Cava (Cava Regulatory Board) has launched a new classification of Cava – Cava de Paraje – a premium category specific to the region for single estate Cavas produced to strict criteria.


  • Qualified small area
  • Yield per hectare: max 8,000 kg
  • Vines over 10 years old
  • Vinified on the estate
  • Maximum yield of must per hectare: 48 hectolitres
  • Qualification of the base wine
  • Minimum ageing period of fermentation in bottle: 36 months
  • Vintage Cava
  • Only produced in “Brut” types
  • Qualifying tasting
  • Specific quality control label
  • Full traceability from the vine to commercialization